Parents often feel overwhelmed by the idea of having a child with a learning disability. Learning outcomes improve for students with dyslexia when parents educate themselves and find support and resources. 


Signs of Dyslexia

Signs in Early Childhood

  • Delayed speech
  • Trouble recognizing the alphabet
  • Difficulty associating a letter with the sound it makes (phonics)
  • Trouble with sequencing, like remembering the order of numbers or days of the week
  • Has a smaller vocabulary and struggles to learn new words
  • Trouble completing seemingly simple tasks that contain two or more steps, such as returning one toy to the closet, and others to the toy chest
  • Trouble with rhyming
  • Difficulty blending sounds together to form words, such as connecting M-I-L-K for form milk (phonemic awareness)
  • Struggles to pronounce words as intended, such as "crash tan" instead of "trash can" (phonological processing)
  • Confusion with before/after, left/right, up/down

Signs in Grade School

  • Struggles with reading and spelling
  • Difficulty with word retrieval and rapid naming of colors, letters, objects, and sound
  • Struggles to organize thoughts and find the right words to say in conversation with others
  • Trouble remembering facts, lists, and numbers
  • Difficulty gripping pencil
  • Difficulty understanding concepts and relationships
  • Trouble using proper grammar
  • Trouble sounding out unfamiliar words (decoding)
  • Difficulty following directions
  • Struggles reading aloud 
  • Trouble summarizing stories

Learn More

At Payne, we hope to bring an understanding of dyslexia to parents and families while providing them with the support they need. We offer: